oracle vs. openjdk
January 28, 2020

Java Experts on OpenJDK vs. Oracle JDK

Development

OpenJDK vs. Oracle JDK Performance

Since January 2019, businesses now need to purchase a commercial license (i.e., from Oracle) in order to receive software updates. Further details are available at the Oracle Java SE Support Roadmap page. Are you looking for an alternative? OpenLogic by Perforce enterprise architects help companies worldwide make this migration secure, allowing your team to get up and running quickly on a more cost-effective solution.

Is OpenJDK the Same As Oracle JDK?

We reached out to Java experts to get their thoughts. Here’s the questions we posed to each expert:

  • What would you recommend to companies with production software running on Java SE 8, who have not yet purchased subscriptions?
  • What are the pros and cons of using OpenJDK vs. Oracle JDK?

Read their answers below:

Tips for Java Users

Below are expert recommendations for companies with production software running on Java SE 8, who have not yet purchased subscriptions.

Consider the Costs of Your JDK

Java expert, Dr. Heinz M. Kabutz said, “I would recommend that they move over to OpenJDK 11 as soon as possible. If they have to stay with Java SE 8, then I would evaluate which company offers the best value for the money”.
“Either go or get off the pot. Oracle JDK 8 has received what will likely be the last free update and Java 11 was never free so make a plan before you get backed into a corner. OpenJDK is 99% the same code as Oracle JDK (depending on what provider you're getting it from) so what this really boils down to is support.”

Consider Your Java Support Needs

Brad Wood, architect and developer prompts an important question to consider, “If a CVE comes out tomorrow, how soon do you want to be guaranteed a have a patch available? We just saw this play out a couple weeks ago when providers such as AdoptOpenJDK had builds of OpenJDK 8u202 within days of Oracle's release. That sort of turnaround is fine for most companies and if you want a warm fuzzy feeling of paying someone to promise they get builds to you quickly, there are companies such as Azul charging a lot less for their OpenJDK support than Oracle is”.

Importance of Choosing OpenJDK Now

Giorgos Gaganis, software engineer speaks of the urgency to migrate, “For companies that are currently evaluating getting subscriptions vs. migrating to newer versions, my recommendation is to also take into account in their analysis the cost of lost opportunity. The more it is postponed, the more difficult it becomes to adopt the latest version. This is important as we are seeing a lot of innovation coming”. 

Justin Reock, chief architect makes his case for migrating, “Begin planning for a move to a GPL variant of Java today. Not just to avoid exorbitant costs from Oracle, but to free yourself from the grip of a software company who is advertising through this change that they can assert real, financial control of your infrastructure. If Oracle is brazening enough to have taken this step now, what might they believe they can get away with later down the road?

A move to OpenJDK or another variant is in most cases an apples-to-apples migration. If you have modernized your SDLC and established process and infrastructure for effective CI/CD, this really shouldn’t look much different to you than a normal release. Regression testing should be performed, but the migration itself takes only a few steps.

More complex or niche builds may require some code refactor depending on your design principles, but for the most part the runtime environment is similar enough that you won’t notice a difference. A healthy migration strategy should always start with a thorough inventory and risk analysis, and your upgrade roadmap will become clearer after performing that diligence.” 

OpenLogic by Perforce provides OpenJDK support. Learn more in our product sheet, “Make the from Oracle JDK to OpenJDK.”

Final Thoughts on Oracle Java JDK and OpenJDK

In conclusion, OpenJDK is modifiable and you can contribute to and improve it. If Oracle continues to isolate itself from open software communities, OpenJDK could fork into a project similar to Kotlin, and we might even see the bulk of the innovative work move into that project and away from Oracle altogether.

Looking to chat with one of expert architects from OpenLogic? 

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Open Source Experts Interviewed: 

Stephen Colebourne

Stephen Colebourne: Creator, Joda projects

Stephen Colebourne (@jodastephen) is the creator of Joda projects.
 

Dr. Heinz M. Kabutz

Dr. Heinz M. Kabutz from JavaSpecialists.eu

Dr. Heinz Kabutz (@heinzkabutz) is a Java expert with JavaSpecialists.eu.
 

Brad Wood

Brad Wood, lead architect and developer advocate

Brad Wood (@bdw429s) is Lead Architect and Developer Advocate at Ortus Solutions, Corp.
 

Giorgos Gaganis

Giorgos Gaganis: software engineer, blogger

Giorgos Gaganis (@ggaganis) is a software engineer and blogger who’s based in Greece.
 

Justin Reock

Justin Reock: Chief Architect at OpenLogic

Justin Reock (@jreock) is a free software evangelist and the Chief Architect for OpenLogic. He resides in Asheville, NC.