Open Source Software Technical Articles

Want the Best of the Wazi Blogs Delivered Directly to your Inbox?

Subscribe to Wazi by Email

Your email:

Connect with Us!

Current Articles | RSS Feed RSS Feed

How to write CentOS initialization scripts with Upstart

  
  
  

On Linux systems, initialization (init) scripts manage the state of system services during system startup and shutdown. When the system goes through its runlevels, the System V init system starts and stops services as configured. While this tried-and-true technology has been around since the dawn of Unix, you can now create modern and efficient CentOS 6 init scripts by using Upstart, an event-based replacement for System V init.

Until its latest release, CentOS used the System V init system by default. SysV init scripts are simple and reliable, and guarantee a certain order of starting and stopping.

Starting with version 6, however, CentOS has turned to a new and better init system – Upstart. Upstart is faster than System V init because it starts services simultaneously rather than one by one in a certain order. Upstart is also more flexible and robust, because it is event-based. Upstart generates events at various times, including while going through the system runlevels, similar to the SysV init system. However, Upstart may also generate custom events. For example, with Upstart you can generate an event that requires certain services to be started, regardless of the runlevel. And Upstart not only generates events, it also handles them – so, for example, when it acknowledges the event for starting a service it will do so. This event-based behavior is robust and fast.

Upstart supports SysV init scripts for compatibility reasons; most service init scripts in CentOS 6 continue to be SysV-based. You might someday have to create an init script yourself if you write custom software. If you do, you should write your new init scripts with Upstart in mind so you can benefit from the new init system's faster performance and additional features.

Beginning the Upstart init script

Upstart keeps init scripts in the /etc/init/ directory. A script's name should correspond to the name of the service or job it controls, with a .conf extension. The init script for the Tomcat service, for example, should be named /etc/init/tomcat.conf.

Like SysV init scripts, Upstart init scripts are regular Bash scripts, but extended with some Upstart-specific directives, which are called stanzas in Upstart. In SysV init scripts you commonly see the line . /etc/init.d/functions, which provides access to additional necessary SysV functions. Upstart scripts are more sophisticated and complete; you don't have to include any additional functions or libraries.

Just as in any Bash script, comments in Upstart scripts start with #. Put descriptive comments at the beginning of each script to explain its purpose, and in other places where the code may need explanation. You can use two special stanzas, author and description, for documentation.

Defining when a service starts

Tasks and services
Upstart manages two types of jobs: tasks and services. Tasks are short-lived processes that are expected to start, complete a task, then die. One example for such a task job is defined in /etc/init/control-alt-delete.conf in CentOS 6. It restarts the computer when a user presses the Control, Alt, and Delete keys.

In contrast to a task job, a service job handles a daemon or service, such as the Apache web service. This article focuses on service jobs.

After the introductory comments you can define when a service should start and stop using the special stanzas stop on and start on. These two stanzas can be used with a recognized Upstart event such as when the system enters a runlevel.

Usually administrators configure service jobs to start and stop with the server. By convention, in CentOS you should configure a service job to start at runlevels 2, 3, 4, and 5 and stop at runlevels 0, 1, and 6. In an Upstart init script this is written like this:

start on runlevel [2345]
stop on runlevel [06]

This instructs Upstart to start and stop the service whenever the system enters the runlevel in brackets.

Upstart also lets you start or stop services based on other types of events, such as the starting or stopping of other services. For example, suppose you have an Apache web server integrated with a Varnish caching web server, as described in the article Varnish improves web performance and security. In such a scenario you should make sure that Varnish starts whenever Apache starts, so the configuration stanza for Varnish should look like:

start on starting httpd
stop on stopped httpd

The latter stanza is an unique feature of Upstart; Upstart init scripts can stop services at the same time as other services are stopped, while SysV init scripts depend solely on runlevels.

Another difference is that you configure SysV init scripts when to start and stop by placing symlinks to them in the corresponding runlevels' directories in /etc/rcX.d/, where X is the runlevel number. The command chkconfig does this automatically for you in CentOS. While chkconfig continues to manage most of the init scripts in CentOS 6, it does not work with Upstart, and you cannot manage Upstart jobs with it.

Preparing for an Upstart job

To prepare and customize your environment for an Upstart service job you can use a few additional parameters, each on a new line in the job's .conf file:

  • respawn – When you use this parameter the service process will be restarted if it dies unexpectedly. Without this Upstart parameter you might have to write a dedicated wrapper program to start a service and ensure its proper and constant operation, such as mysqld_safe for starting MySQL.
  • expect fork – Every service job should be expected to fork in as a background process. When you specify this parameter Upstart obtains the new process's PID, which it can use later to send signals to it, such as to shut down or reload configuration.
  • kill timeout [seconds] – This is the number of seconds before the process may be forcibly killed. You should specify enough time (say, 120 seconds) so that interruption-sensitive services such as MySQL are able to complete any pending operations and shut down safely.

You can also adjust a few Bash variables in the job's .conf file. For example, you can configure the umask (permissions) with which new files will be created. A secure choice is umask 007, which means that new files will be created with restrictive permissions 770, which allow only the user itself and the members of its user group to manipulate the newly created files.

A special Upstart stanza pre-start allows you to specify a command or inline script to be run right before Upstart actually starts the job. This stanza is suitable for specifying any sanity checks, such the existence of a necessary file. You may also define prerequisite tasks, such as cleaning of the caching directory of a caching proxy. If the pre-start procedure fails – that is, if it exits with a code other than zero – then the whole job fails and the service is not started.

To see how this works, here's a pre-start directive to remove PHP accelerator eAccelerator's previously cached files, as you would want to do when eAccelerator is integrated with Apache: pre-start exec rm /var/cache/eaccelerator/* -rf. A longer example with a whole inline script looks like:

pre-start script
    # check if Apache's binary is executable or fail 
    [ -x /usr/sbin/httpd ]
    # clear the /tmp directory from old sessions
    rm /tmp/sess_*
end script

Several other stanzas are similar to the pre-start stanza:

  • post-start – specifies a procedure to run after starting the service. This is usually useful for complex services that may need additional attention after startup, such as MySQL.
  • pre-stop – specifies actions used in preparing for the service shutdown. It is rarely used.
  • post-stop – may be regarded as an alternative to the pre-start stanza; in some cases it makes more sense to take some actions right after service shutdown instead of waiting for its next start.

Configuring the Upstart start command or script

Once you've configured your environment, the last thing you must do is define the job's command or script using the stanzas script ... end script to write a regular Bash script inline, or just exec to simply execute a command with arguments. Here's an example that uses the script stanza for the rsyslog service in the rsyslog.conf file:

script
    . /etc/default/rsyslog
    exec rsyslogd $SYSLOGD_OPTIONS
end script

The above directive first sources (includes) the content of the file /etc/sysconfig/rsyslog, where the variable SYSLOGD_OPTIONS is defined. This variable is then used to start the rsyslogd service. This is a convenient way to start a service that requires complex or custom configuration, and it's why such script stanzas are suitable for services such as MySQL or Apache.

Alternatively, the exec stanza lets you specify an executable file and any additional arguments it may need. It's suitable for simpler services; for example, you can start the CUPS daemon with the directive exec /usr/sbin/cupsd -F.

How Upstart stops and reloads services

If you're familiar with SysV init scripts, you may wonder how you configure the commands to stop a service or reload its configuration. The answer is that you don't have to; with Upstart you only configure the start command for a service. When Upstart starts a service it keeps track of its PID and the PIDs of the process forks. When Upstart later needs to shut down a service, it does so with the native Unix signals. Upstart first sends a PID the SIGTERM signal to gracefully shut it down. If the process ignores SIGTERM, Upstart sends SIGKILL to forcibly kill it. Similarly, when the configuration needs to be reloaded, Upstart sends the SIGHUP signal. Upstart's simple architecture removes the needs to specify procedures for stopping, restarting, and reloading a service, though if the shutdown procedure for a service requires more than just sending SIGHUP or SIGTERM signals, you can use the pre-stop and post-stop stanzas.

One last and important difference between Upstart and SysV inits is how you manually start and stop jobs. Upstart works with the command /sbin/initctl, the init daemon control tool. It accepts as a first argument stop, start, restart, or reload, and changes the state of the service correspondingly. The second argument is the name of the service. For example, to start MySQL's Upstart job manually you would run the command initctl start mysqld.

I hope you can see the advantages of Upstart's powerful and sophisticated features. Today most default service jobs in CentOS 6 today remain SysV-based, though that will probably change over time. In Ubuntu, for example, Upstart was introduced in 2009, and today most of the init scripts have been migrated to Upstart.




This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License
Creative Commons License.

Comments

The dawn of Unix was long before System V, it was more like mid-morning.
Posted @ Tuesday, April 22, 2014 8:48 AM by Michael Salmon
Get today's best coach factory outlet coupons, including a 50% off coach outlet store online code, printable coach factory outlet coupons, free coach factory outlet shipping offers, sale events and coach factory outlet online for May 2014. Use coach outlet these discounts in coach factory outlet store store or online at coach outlet store online to save at the leading coach factory designer and maker coach outlet online of luxury coach factory outlet handbags, clothing, small coach factory goods, fragrance coach factory outlet online and shoes for men, women and kids.The love for coach factory outlet continues to louis vuitton outlet flourish. With simply louis vuitton handbags gorgeous design, trademark louis uitton outlet details that never prada outlet get tired, and a dedication to prada outlet quality, how michael kors it not? The April edition michael kors outlet purses featuring michael kors outlet online West and michael kors outlet Kardashian sells 250,000 copies fewer than expected I'm especially feeling the love for a michael kors outlet Valentino michael kors outlet bag that also offers the sort of alexander wang that makes life easier.This offer can be combined with timberland shoes in-store timberland boots. To redeem, please tiffany jewelry this email to any Polo ralph lauren. High street staple celebrates its centenary with a special edition collection inspired by celine outlet brand's floral heritage, says isabel marant shoes Save up to 50% off alexander wang shoes entire true religion outlet site when you true religion jeans up for the true religion jeans email giuseppe zanotti sneakers membership.The bad alexander wang handbags is that the spread is celine handbags wear so there's cheap jerseys a lot in here you're marc by marc jacobs outlet want to wear. The toms usa news, sac burberry is that the spread is giuseppe zanotti wear, so, you toms shoes, hot supra shoes. Check it out in the tiffany and co above.Wishing our marc jacobs readers, their fitflop sandals and tiffany jewelry a very happy, peaceful and fitflop shoes New Year 2014.
Posted @ Monday, May 12, 2014 2:20 AM by coach outlet
Coach Outlet Online Still, California has begun construction of the tracks and put out bids for Coach Factory Outlet a vendor to build the trains. And the new rail project will get an infusionCoach Outlet of funds from the state’s cap-and-trade program, which requires business to pay forCoach Outlet Online excess pollution.Florida, Ohio and Wisconsin, all led by Republican governors,Coach Outlet Store canceled high-speed rail projects and returned federal fundsCoach Outlet Store Online after deeming the projects too expensive and unnecessary.Coach Outlet The Obama administration’s management of previously appropriated high-speed railCoach Factory Online funding has been as clumsy as its superintending of the Affordable Care ActCoach Factory Outlet s rollout,” said Frank N. Wilner, a former chief of staff at theCoach Factory Outlet Surface Transportation Board, a bipartisan body with oversight of the nation’s railroads.Coach Outlet When Mr. Obama first presented his vision for high-speed rail nearly four years agoCoach Outlet Store Online he described a future of sleek bullet trains hurtling passengersChanel Outlet Online between far-flung American cities at more than 200 m.p.h.Louis Vuitton Outlet Within 25 years, our goal is to give 80 percentLouis Vuitton Handbags of Americans access to high-speed rail,” Mr. Obama saidGucci Belt in his 2011 State of the Union address. “This could allow you to go places in halfGucci Belts the time it takes to travel by car. For some trips, it will be faster than flying — without the pat-down.
Posted @ Saturday, August 09, 2014 8:36 AM by guoguo
<H1><strong>christian louboutin</strong></H1> 
<H1><strong>Coach Outlet Stores</strong></H1> 
<H1><strong>ralph lauren baby</strong></H1> 
<H1><strong>loui vuitton</strong></H1> 
<H1><strong>best hair straightener</strong></H1> 
<strong>designer bags</strong> 
<strong>hair straightener</strong> 
<strong>loui vuitton</strong> 
<strong>designer bags</strong> 
<strong>hermes belt</strong> 
[url=http://www.louis-vuittonoutlet.co][b]louis vuitton outlet[/b][/url] 
[url=http://www.louis-vuittonoutlet.net][b]louis vitton[/b][/url] 
[url=http://www.oakley-sunglasses.name][b]spy sunglasses[/b][/url] 
[url=http://www.rayban--sunglasses.us][b]ray ban eyeglasses[/b][/url] 
[url=http://www.jordan-shoes.us.com][b]jordan concords[/b][/url] 
http://www.mont-blancpens.org  
http://www.abercrombieandfitch.cc  
http://www.michaelkors--outlet.us.com  
http://www.michaelkorsoutlet-handbags.us  
http://www.louisvuitton-outlet.us.com  
Posted @ Thursday, August 28, 2014 4:15 AM by caishuaige
<strong>ray bans</strong> 
<strong>louis vuitton outlet</strong> 
<strong>louis vuitton outlet</strong> 
Posted @ Thursday, September 11, 2014 9:33 PM by dongdong25
true religion jeans men 
ralph lauren 
fitflop outlet 
coach factory outlet 
fitflop footwear 
ralph lauren outlet 
louis vuitton bags 
prada shoes 
louis vuitton handbags 
michael kors bags 
fitflops clearance 
louis vuitton speedy 
cheap jerseys from china 
cheap louis vuitton 
air jordan shoes 
christian louboutin sale 
tory burch flats 
hollister outlet 
red bottom shoes 
louis vuitton outlet store 
fendi purses 
joe abercrombie 
cheap jerseys 
louis vuitton purses 
michael kors outlet 
oakley sunglasses wholesale 
louis vuitton purses 
celine bag price 
louis vuitton belt 
louboutin shoes 
jordan for women 
louis vuitton 
gucci outlet store 
mont blanc pens 
abercrombie 
coach outlet store online 
crossfit workouts 
ab workouts 
ray ban sunglasses wholesale 
louis vuitton shoes 
jordan 13 
coach factory online 
louis vuitton outlet 
coach factory outlet online 
jordans for sale 
burberry scarf 
true religion sale 
kate spade outlet 
oakley sunglasses wholesale 
kate spade handbags 
ray ban sunglasses outlet 
toms outlet 
fitflop footwear 
louis vuitton outlet 
jordan shoes 
tory burch outlet 
michael kors outlet stores 
jordan retro 
toms shoes 
jordan shoes 
louis vuitton 
mont blanc legend 
hollister clothing 
toms sale 
prda outlet 
fitflop outlet 
toms shoes outlet 
celine handbags 
coach factory outlet 
chi flat iron 
juicy couture outlet 
fendi 
toms wedges 
michael kors outlet online 
coach factory online 
coach outlet stores 
louis vuitton belts 
louis vuitton outlet 
ray ban glasses 
louis vuitton sunglasses 
nfl jerseys 
prada bags 
juicy couture perfume 
gucci shoes 
kate spade 
toms shoes 
abercrombie and fitch 
coach factory outlet 
ray ban sunglasses 
bottega veneta bags 
michael kors outlet online 
trye religion outlet 
cheap ray bans 
juicy couture 
michael kors handbags 
louis vuitton wallet 
burberry handbags 
louis vuitton usa 
louis vuitton speedy 
tory burch outlet online 
michael kors handbasg 
p90x workout schedule 
tory burch shoes 
fitflops online 
coach outlet store online 
toms shoes sale 
michael kors backpack 
coach factory online 
hair dryer 
true religion outlet 
chanel online shop 
hermes birkin 
mont blanc fountain pen 
true religion 
fitflop shoes 
gucci handbags 
jordan shoes 
nfl jerseys wholesale 
marc jacobs 
red heels 
chanel handbags 
michaelkors outlet store 
hermes belt 
christian louboutin  
workout plans 
coach outlet 
coach factory outlet 
louis vuitton handbags 
coach factory outlet 
oakley suglasses cheap 
polo ralph lauren 
ray ban outlet 
workout routines 
louis vuitton purses 
louis vuitton handbags 
ray ban aviators 
michael kors handbags 
hollister co 
coach outlet store online 
true religion 
fitflops clearance 
mont blanc pens 
kate spade purses 
christian louboutin outlet 
christian louboutin outlet 
ray bans 
michael kors outlet store 
kate spade factory outlet 
gucci outlet 
oakley sunglasses 
fitflops 
oakley outlet 
kate spade outlet online 
cheap jordans 
red shoes 
red bottoms 
bottega veneta handbags 
chanel bags 
true religion jeans outlet 
jordan sneakers 
official coach factory outlet 
celine paris 
christian louboutin shoes 
louis vuitton purses 
coach outlet 
nfl jerseys 
louis vuitton outlet 
christian louboutin 
celine outlet 
fendi bags 
cheap toms 
hermes bracelet 
coach factory 
michael kors outlet 
burberry bags 
true religion jeans 
louis vuitton officail website 
cheap nfl jerseys 
gucci bags 
michael kors outlet online 
burberry outlet 
true religion outlet 
cheap jordan for sale 
bottega veneta 
true religion jeans 
cheap jordans 
tory burch outlet 
mont blanc legend 
true religion jeans outlet 
michael kors outlet 
viva la juicy 
ray ban wayfarer 
mont blanc mountain 
toms promo code 
nfl football jerseys 
insanity workout 
abercrombie fitch 
louis vuitton outlet 
louis vuitton handbags 
louisvuitton 
tory burch handbags 
hollister promo code 
tory burch outlet online 
fitflop shoes 
true religion jeans 
celine luggage tote 
louis vuitton 
michael kors purses 
hermes outlet 
oakley sunglasses 
ray ban outlet stores 
fitflop sale 
louis vuitton outlet 
louis vuitton handbags 
louis vuitton bags 
michael kors factory outlet 
chanel outlet 
cheap jerseys 
hermes delivery 
michael kors outlet stores 
louis vuitton backpack 
coach factory online 
ray bans 
louis vuitton outlet 
louis vuitton outlet 
tory burch shoes 
louboutin 
ray ban sunglasses 
chi straightener 
coach factory outlet online 
kate spade handbags 
louis vuitton neverfull 
coach outlet 
coach outlet store online 
hair straightener 
coach factory outlet 
kate spade 
marc jacobs handbags 
louis vuitton purses 
coach outlet 
ray ban sunglasses 
cheap ray ban sunglasses 
used louis vuitton 
louis vuitton handbags 
trye religion outlet 
louis vuitton bags 
louis vuitton outlet stores 
louis vuitton uk 
coach outlet 
official coach factory outlet online  
fendi outlet 
louis vuitton outlet 
ray ban outlet 
oakley outlet 
prada handbags 
cheap oakley sunglasses 
toms outlet 
marc jacobs outlet 
louis vuitton wallet 
louis vuitton 
oakley glasses 
kate spade outlet 
louis vuitton  
tory burch flats 
fitflop sandals 
jordan 11 
coach outlet 
hollister kids 
true religion outlet store 
cheap nfljerseys 
ralph lauren home 
coach factory online 
bottega veneta outlet online 
cheap oakleys 
www.louisvuitton.com 
mont blanc fountain pens 
football jersey 
michael kors outlet 
mont blanc pen 
trye religion outlet store 
christian louboutin shoes 
true religion jeans outlet 
christian louboutin sneakers 
michael kors handbags 
mont blanc pen 
louis vuitton outlet stores 
michael kors handbags 
jordan retro 
designer handbags 
louis vuitton outlet store 
coach factory  
coach factory 
fitflop sandals outlet 
bottega veneta outlet 
cheap true religion jeans 
fendi handbags 
kate spade outlet store 
abercrombie and kent 
michael kors outlet 
louis vuitton handbags 
marc by marc jacobs 
chi hair straightener 
true religion jeans 
cheap jordans 
louis vuitton purses 
fitflop outlet 
michael kors outlet online 
polo outlet 
louis vuitton bags 
Posted @ Thursday, September 11, 2014 9:34 PM by dongdong25
true religion jeans men 
ralph lauren 
fitflop outlet 
coach factory outlet 
fitflop footwear 
ralph lauren outlet 
louis vuitton bags 
prada shoes 
louis vuitton handbags 
michael kors bags 
fitflops clearance 
louis vuitton speedy 
cheap jerseys from china 
cheap louis vuitton 
air jordan shoes 
christian louboutin sale 
tory burch flats 
hollister outlet 
red bottom shoes 
louis vuitton outlet store 
fendi purses 
joe abercrombie 
cheap jerseys 
louis vuitton purses 
michael kors outlet 
oakley sunglasses wholesale 
louis vuitton purses 
celine bag price 
louis vuitton belt 
louboutin shoes 
jordan for women 
louis vuitton 
gucci outlet store 
mont blanc pens 
abercrombie 
coach outlet store online 
crossfit workouts 
ab workouts 
ray ban sunglasses wholesale 
louis vuitton shoes 
jordan 13 
coach factory online 
louis vuitton outlet 
coach factory outlet online 
jordans for sale 
burberry scarf 
true religion sale 
kate spade outlet 
oakley sunglasses wholesale 
kate spade handbags 
ray ban sunglasses outlet 
toms outlet 
fitflop footwear 
louis vuitton outlet 
jordan shoes 
tory burch outlet 
michael kors outlet stores 
jordan retro 
toms shoes 
jordan shoes 
louis vuitton 
mont blanc legend 
hollister clothing 
toms sale 
prda outlet 
fitflop outlet 
toms shoes outlet 
celine handbags 
coach factory outlet 
chi flat iron 
juicy couture outlet 
fendi 
toms wedges 
michael kors outlet online 
coach factory online 
coach outlet stores 
louis vuitton belts 
louis vuitton outlet 
ray ban glasses 
louis vuitton sunglasses 
nfl jerseys 
prada bags 
juicy couture perfume 
gucci shoes 
kate spade 
toms shoes 
abercrombie and fitch 
coach factory outlet 
ray ban sunglasses 
bottega veneta bags 
michael kors outlet online 
trye religion outlet 
cheap ray bans 
juicy couture 
michael kors handbags 
louis vuitton wallet 
burberry handbags 
louis vuitton usa 
louis vuitton speedy 
tory burch outlet online 
michael kors handbasg 
p90x workout schedule 
tory burch shoes 
fitflops online 
coach outlet store online 
toms shoes sale 
michael kors backpack 
coach factory online 
hair dryer 
true religion outlet 
chanel online shop 
hermes birkin 
mont blanc fountain pen 
true religion 
fitflop shoes 
gucci handbags 
jordan shoes 
nfl jerseys wholesale 
marc jacobs 
red heels 
chanel handbags 
michaelkors outlet store 
hermes belt 
christian louboutin  
workout plans 
coach outlet 
coach factory outlet 
louis vuitton handbags 
coach factory outlet 
oakley suglasses cheap 
polo ralph lauren 
ray ban outlet 
workout routines 
louis vuitton purses 
louis vuitton handbags 
ray ban aviators 
michael kors handbags 
hollister co 
coach outlet store online 
true religion 
fitflops clearance 
mont blanc pens 
kate spade purses 
christian louboutin outlet 
christian louboutin outlet 
ray bans 
michael kors outlet store 
kate spade factory outlet 
gucci outlet 
oakley sunglasses 
fitflops 
oakley outlet 
kate spade outlet online 
cheap jordans 
red shoes 
red bottoms 
bottega veneta handbags 
chanel bags 
true religion jeans outlet 
jordan sneakers 
official coach factory outlet 
celine paris 
christian louboutin shoes 
louis vuitton purses 
coach outlet 
nfl jerseys 
louis vuitton outlet 
christian louboutin 
celine outlet 
fendi bags 
cheap toms 
hermes bracelet 
coach factory 
michael kors outlet 
burberry bags 
true religion jeans 
louis vuitton officail website 
cheap nfl jerseys 
gucci bags 
michael kors outlet online 
burberry outlet 
true religion outlet 
cheap jordan for sale 
bottega veneta 
true religion jeans 
cheap jordans 
tory burch outlet 
mont blanc legend 
true religion jeans outlet 
michael kors outlet 
viva la juicy 
ray ban wayfarer 
mont blanc mountain 
toms promo code 
nfl football jerseys 
insanity workout 
abercrombie fitch 
louis vuitton outlet 
louis vuitton handbags 
louisvuitton 
tory burch handbags 
hollister promo code 
tory burch outlet online 
fitflop shoes 
true religion jeans 
celine luggage tote 
louis vuitton 
michael kors purses 
hermes outlet 
oakley sunglasses 
ray ban outlet stores 
fitflop sale 
louis vuitton outlet 
louis vuitton handbags 
louis vuitton bags 
michael kors factory outlet 
chanel outlet 
cheap jerseys 
hermes delivery 
michael kors outlet stores 
louis vuitton backpack 
coach factory online 
ray bans 
louis vuitton outlet 
louis vuitton outlet 
tory burch shoes 
louboutin 
ray ban sunglasses 
chi straightener 
coach factory outlet online 
kate spade handbags 
louis vuitton neverfull 
coach outlet 
coach outlet store online 
hair straightener 
coach factory outlet 
kate spade 
marc jacobs handbags 
louis vuitton purses 
coach outlet 
ray ban sunglasses 
cheap ray ban sunglasses 
used louis vuitton 
louis vuitton handbags 
trye religion outlet 
louis vuitton bags 
louis vuitton outlet stores 
louis vuitton uk 
coach outlet 
official coach factory outlet online  
fendi outlet 
louis vuitton outlet 
ray ban outlet 
oakley outlet 
prada handbags 
cheap oakley sunglasses 
toms outlet 
marc jacobs outlet 
louis vuitton wallet 
louis vuitton 
oakley glasses 
kate spade outlet 
louis vuitton  
tory burch flats 
fitflop sandals 
jordan 11 
coach outlet 
hollister kids 
true religion outlet store 
cheap nfljerseys 
ralph lauren home 
coach factory online 
bottega veneta outlet online 
cheap oakleys 
www.louisvuitton.com 
mont blanc fountain pens 
football jersey 
michael kors outlet 
mont blanc pen 
trye religion outlet store 
christian louboutin shoes 
true religion jeans outlet 
christian louboutin sneakers 
michael kors handbags 
mont blanc pen 
louis vuitton outlet stores 
michael kors handbags 
jordan retro 
designer handbags 
louis vuitton outlet store 
coach factory  
coach factory 
fitflop sandals outlet 
bottega veneta outlet 
cheap true religion jeans 
fendi handbags 
kate spade outlet store 
abercrombie and kent 
michael kors outlet 
louis vuitton handbags 
marc by marc jacobs 
chi hair straightener 
true religion jeans 
cheap jordans 
louis vuitton purses 
fitflop outlet 
michael kors outlet online 
polo outlet 
louis vuitton bags 
Posted @ Thursday, September 11, 2014 9:36 PM by dongdong25
<STRONG>michael kors</STRONG>, <STRONG>air max,nike air max,air max 2014,nike air max 2014,air max 90,airmax,air max 95,air max 2013,nike air max 90,nike air max 2013</STRONG>, <STRONG>timberland</STRONG>, <STRONG>bottega veneta,bottega,bottega veneta outlet</STRONG>, <STRONG>oakley pas cher</STRONG>, <STRONG>nike free,free running,nike free run,nike free 5.0,free running 2,nike running shoes,nike free trainer,nike free trainer 5.0,free runs,free run 5.0</STRONG>, <STRONG>coach outlet store online,coach outlet store,coach outlet</STRONG>, <STRONG>mulberry</STRONG>, <STRONG>canada goose,canada goose outlet,canada goose sale,canada goose jackets,canada goose parka,canada goose coats,cheap canada goose</STRONG>, <STRONG>moncler,moncler outlet,moncler jackets,moncler jackets on sale</STRONG>, <STRONG>hollister</STRONG>, <STRONG>nike free</STRONG>, <STRONG>ralph lauren</STRONG>, <STRONG>vans</STRONG>, <STRONG>abercrombie and fitch</STRONG>, <STRONG>valentino shoes,valentino,valentinos</STRONG>, <STRONG>mac cosmetics,m a c cosmetics,mac makeup,maccosmetics.com</STRONG>, <STRONG>reebok outlet,reebok,reebok skyscape,reebok shoes</STRONG>, <STRONG>kate spade outlet,kate spade,katespade,kate spade handbags</STRONG>, <STRONG>converse</STRONG>, <STRONG>sac guess</STRONG>, <STRONG>tory burch outlet,tory burch,tory burch handbags,tory burch shoes,tory burch sale,toryburch,tory burch sandals,toryburch.com,tory burch flip flops</STRONG>, <STRONG>tn pas cher</STRONG>, <STRONG>christian louboutin shoes,louboutin shoes,louboutin outlet,louboutin,christian louboutin,red bottom shoes,red bottoms,christian louboutin outlet,red bottom shoes for women,louboutins</STRONG>, <STRONG>louboutin</STRONG>, <STRONG>new balance pas cher</STRONG>, <STRONG>giuseppe zanotti,giuseppe zanotti outlet</STRONG>, <STRONG>vans</STRONG>, <STRONG>louis vuitton outlet online,louis vuitton,louis vuitton outlet,louisvuitton.com,authentic louis vuitton,louis vuitton factory outlet,cheap louis vuitton</STRONG>, <STRONG>polo ralph lauren outlet,ralph lauren,polo ralph,polo ralph lauren,ralph lauren outlet,polo shirts,ralph lauren outlet online,polo ralph lauren outlet online,ralphlauren.com,polo outlet,ralph lauren polo</STRONG>, <STRONG>hogan</STRONG>, <STRONG>louis vuitton handbags,vuitton handbags,louis vuitton bags,louis vuitton purses</STRONG>, <STRONG>nfl jerseys,jerseys,baseball jerseys,cheap jerseys,nba jerseys,hockey jerseys,basketball jerseys,jerseys from china,cheap nfl jerseys</STRONG>, <STRONG>true religion jeans,true religion,true religion outlet,cheap true religion,true religion jeans women,true religion jeans outlet,cheap true religion jeans,true religion clearance,true religion jeans wholesale,true religion outlet stores,wholesale true religion,discount true religion,true religion brand jeans,true religion wholesale,true religion outlet store,discount true religion jeans,wholesale true religion jeans,true religion outlet store online,authentic true religion jeans,true religion factory outlet,true religion outlet online</STRONG>, <STRONG>canada goose</STRONG>, <STRONG>nike air max</STRONG>, <STRONG>louboutin</STRONG>, <STRONG>longchamp outlet,longchamp,longchamp handbags,longchamp bags,long champ</STRONG>, <STRONG>uggs outlet,ugg boots,ugg,uggs,ugg boots clearance,ugg australia,uggs on sale,uggs boots,ugg slippers</STRONG>, <STRONG>soccer shoes,nike mercurial</STRONG>, <STRONG>ugg</STRONG>, <STRONG>canada goose</STRONG>, <STRONG>juicy couture outlet,juicy couture,juicycouture.com</STRONG>, <STRONG>ugg boots,uggs outlet,ugg,uggs,ugg boots clearance,ugg australia,uggs on sale,uggs boots,ugg slippers</STRONG>, <STRONG>burberry</STRONG>, <STRONG>nike free</STRONG>, <STRONG>louis vuitton outlet stores,louis vuitton outlet online,louis vuitton,louis vuitton outlet,louisvuitton.com,authentic louis vuitton,louis vuitton factory outlet,cheap louis vuitton</STRONG>, <STRONG>rolex watches,rolex,watches for men,watches for women,omega watches,replica watches,rolex watches for sale,rolex replica,rolex watch,cartier watches,rolex submariner,fake rolex,rolex replica watches,replica rolex</STRONG>, <STRONG>michael kors</STRONG>, <STRONG>michael kors outlet,michael kors outlet online,michael kors,kors outlet,michael kors handbags,michael kors outlet online sale,michael kors handbags clearance,michael kors purses,michaelkors.com,michael kors bags,michael kors shoes,michaelkors,cheap michael kors</STRONG>, <STRONG>burberry outlet online,burberry outlet,burberry,burberry handbags,burberry factory outlet,burberry sale</STRONG>, <STRONG>insanity,insanity workout,insanity workout calendar,insanity calendar,insanity workout schedule</STRONG>, <STRONG>michael kors</STRONG>, <STRONG>hollister</STRONG>, <STRONG>prada handbags,prada,prada sunglasses,prada shoes,prada outlet,prada bags</STRONG>, <STRONG>chanel handbags,chanel bags,chanel sunglasses,chanel purses,chanel outlet</STRONG>, <STRONG>prada outlet,prada,prada handbags,prada sunglasses,prada shoes,prada bags</STRONG>, <STRONG>converse shoes,converse,converse.com,converse sneakers,converse outlet</STRONG>, <STRONG>coach purses,coach handbags,coach bags</STRONG>, <STRONG>ferragamo shoes,ferragamo,salvatore ferragamo,ferragamo belts,ferragamo belt,ferragamo outlet</STRONG>, <STRONG>cheap oakley sunglasses,oakley sunglasses,oakley vault,oakleys,oakley sunglasses cheap,oakley.com,sunglasses outlet,cheap oakley,oakley outlet,cheap sunglasses,oakley prescription glasses,fake oakleys,oakley sunglasses outlet,oakley glasses,oakley store,fake oakley,oakley sale,cheap oakleys,discount oakley sunglasses</STRONG>, <STRONG>uggs on sale,ugg australia</STRONG>, <STRONG>louis vuitton</STRONG>, <STRONG>air jordan</STRONG>, <STRONG>oakley sunglasses,oakley vault,oakleys,oakley sunglasses cheap,oakley.com,sunglasses outlet,cheap oakley,cheap oakley sunglasses,oakley outlet,cheap sunglasses,oakley prescription glasses,fake oakleys,oakley sunglasses outlet,oakley glasses,oakley store,fake oakley,oakley sale,cheap oakleys,discount oakley sunglasses</STRONG>, <STRONG>nike air max</STRONG>, <STRONG>mcm handbags,mcm bags,mcm backpack,mcm outlet</STRONG>, <STRONG>moncler,moncler jackets,moncler outlet,moncler jackets on sale</STRONG>, <STRONG>vanessa bruno</STRONG>, <STRONG>michael kors outlet,michael kors,kors outlet,michael kors handbags,michael kors outlet online,michael kors outlet online sale,michael kors handbags clearance,michael kors purses,michaelkors.com,michael kors bags,michael kors shoes,michaelkors,cheap michael kors</STRONG>, <STRONG>birkin bag,hermes belt,hermes handbags,hermes birkin,hermes bags,birkin bags</STRONG>, <STRONG>supra shoes,supra,supra for sale</STRONG>, <STRONG>tiffany and co,tiffany's,tiffanys,tiffany co,tiffany jewelry</STRONG>, <STRONG>new balance shoes,new balance,balance shoes,new balance outlet,new balance store,new balance store locator,new balance shoes for women,joe's new balance outlet,newbalance,newbalance.com,new balance walking shoes</STRONG>, <STRONG>juicy couture,juicy couture outlet,juicycouture.com</STRONG>, <STRONG>lululemon outlet,lululemon,yoga pants,lulu lemon,lulu.com,lululemon.com</STRONG>, <STRONG>hermes</STRONG>, <STRONG>marc jacobs,marc by marc jacobs,marc jacobs handbags,marc jacobs outlet</STRONG>, <STRONG>north face jackets,north face,the north face,northface,north face outlet,north face jackets clearance,the north face outlet</STRONG>, <STRONG>jordan shoes,jordans,air jordan,jordan retro,jordan 11,jordan xx9,jordan 6,new jordans,air jordans,cheap jordans,retro jordans,jordan retro 11,jordan 5,air jordan 11,jordans for sale,jordan 4,jordan 1,jordan future,jordan 3,jordan 12,michael jordan shoes,air jordan shoes,air jordan retro</STRONG>, <STRONG>moncler</STRONG>, <STRONG>ray ban sunglasses,ray ban,rayban,ray bans,ray ban outlet,ray-ban,raybans,ray ban wayfarer,ray-ban sunglasses,raybans.com,ray ban sunglasses outlet,rayban sunglasses,cheap ray ban</STRONG>, <STRONG>ghd</STRONG>, <STRONG>canada goose outlet,canada goose jackets,canada goose,canada goose sale,canada goose parka,canada goose coats,cheap canada goose</STRONG>, <STRONG>north face</STRONG>, <STRONG>babyliss pro,babyliss</STRONG>, <STRONG>coach outlet,coach factory outlet,coach outlet store,coach factory,coach outlet store online,coach factory online,coach factory outlet online,coach outlet online</STRONG>, <STRONG>ugg</STRONG>, <STRONG>sac louis vuitton</STRONG>, <STRONG>michael kors outlet online,michael kors,kors outlet,michael kors outlet,michael kors handbags,michael kors outlet online sale,michael kors handbags clearance,michael kors purses,michaelkors.com,michael kors bags,michael kors shoes,michaelkors,cheap michael kors</STRONG>, <STRONG>montre pas cher</STRONG>, <STRONG>polo ralph lauren outlet online,ralph lauren,polo ralph,polo ralph lauren,ralph lauren outlet,polo shirts,ralph lauren outlet online,polo ralph lauren outlet,ralphlauren.com,polo outlet,ralph lauren polo</STRONG>, <STRONG>instyler ionic styler,instyler</STRONG>, <STRONG>hollister</STRONG>, <STRONG>kate spade handbags,kate spade,kate spade outlet,katespade</STRONG>, <STRONG>longchamp</STRONG>, <STRONG>chi flat iron,chi hair</STRONG>, <STRONG>oakley</STRONG>, <STRONG>canada goose</STRONG>, <STRONG>louis vuitton outlet,louis vuitton outlet online,louis vuitton,louisvuitton.com,authentic louis vuitton,louis vuitton factory outlet,cheap louis vuitton</STRONG>, <STRONG>moncler</STRONG>, <STRONG>true religion outlet,true religion,true religion jeans,cheap true religion,true religion jeans women,true religion jeans outlet,cheap true religion jeans,true religion clearance,true religion jeans wholesale,true religion outlet stores,wholesale true religion,discount true religion,true religion brand jeans,true religion wholesale,true religion outlet store,discount true religion jeans,wholesale true religion jeans,true religion outlet store online,authentic true religion jeans,true religion factory outlet,true religion outlet online</STRONG>, <STRONG>vans shoes,vans outlet,vans store,star wars vans shoes,cheap vans,vans shoes outlet,white vans,black vans,red vans,vans star wars,vans sneakers,vans shoes outlet store,vans sale,cheap vans shoes</STRONG>, <STRONG>ray ban</STRONG>, <STRONG>nike blazer</STRONG>, <STRONG>celine handbags,celine bag,celine bags</STRONG>, <STRONG>p90x,p90x3,p90x workout,p90x workout schedule,p90x workout sheets,p90x 3,p90x2</STRONG>, <STRONG>longchamp handbags,longchamp,longchamp outlet,longchamp bags,long champ</STRONG>, <STRONG>michael kors outlet online sale,michael kors,kors outlet,michael kors outlet,michael kors handbags,michael kors outlet online,michael kors handbags clearance,michael kors purses,michaelkors.com,michael kors bags,michael kors shoes,michaelkors,cheap michael kors</STRONG>, <STRONG>longchamp</STRONG>, <STRONG>louis vuitton</STRONG>, <STRONG>herve leger,herve leger dresses</STRONG>, <STRONG>soccer jerseys,soccer jersey,usa soccer jersey,football jerseys</STRONG>, <STRONG>ray ban sunglasses outlet,ray ban,ray ban sunglasses,rayban,ray bans,ray ban outlet,ray-ban,raybans,ray ban wayfarer,ray-ban sunglasses,raybans.com,rayban sunglasses,cheap ray ban</STRONG>, <STRONG>michael kors outlet store,michael kors outlet,michael kors outlet online,michael kors,kors outlet,michael kors handbags,michael kors outlet online sale,michael kors handbags clearance,michael kors purses,michaelkors.com,michael kors bags,michael kors shoes,michaelkors,cheap michael kors</STRONG>, <STRONG>wedding dresses,prom dresses,bridesmaid dresses,evening dresses,beach wedding dresses,cheap wedding dresses,homecoming dresses,prom dresses,wedding dresses</STRONG>, <STRONG>moncler</STRONG>, <STRONG>air max</STRONG>, <STRONG>ralph lauren</STRONG>, <STRONG>north face outlet,north face,the north face,northface,north face jackets,north face jackets clearance,the north face outlet</STRONG>, <STRONG>ralph lauren</STRONG>, <STRONG>louboutin,christian louboutin,red bottom shoes,louboutin shoes,red bottoms,louboutin outlet,christian louboutin shoes,christian louboutin outlet,red bottom shoes for women,louboutins</STRONG>, <STRONG>beats by dre,dr dre,beats headphones,dre beats,beats by dr,beats by dr dre,beats audio,dr dre beats,dre headphones,beats by dre headphones,beats by dr. dre,cheap beats</STRONG>, <STRONG>oakley vault,oakley sunglasses,oakleys,oakley sunglasses cheap,oakley.com,sunglasses outlet,cheap oakley,cheap oakley sunglasses,oakley outlet,cheap sunglasses,oakley prescription glasses,fake oakleys,oakley sunglasses outlet,oakley glasses,oakley store,fake oakley,oakley sale,cheap oakleys,discount oakley sunglasses</STRONG>, <STRONG>ray ban pas cher</STRONG>, <STRONG>lancel</STRONG>, <STRONG>burberry outlet online,burberry,burberry outlet,burberry handbags,burberry factory outlet,burberry sale</STRONG>, <STRONG>ray ban</STRONG>, <STRONG>converse pas cher</STRONG>, <STRONG>lululemon</STRONG>, <STRONG>longchamp,longchamp handbags,longchamp outlet,longchamp bags,long champ</STRONG>, <STRONG>abercrombie and fitch,abercrombie and,abercrombie,abercrombie kids,abercrombie fitch,abercrombie.com</STRONG>, <STRONG>longchamp</STRONG>, <STRONG>mont blanc,montblanc,mont blanc pens</STRONG>, <STRONG>hollister</STRONG>, <STRONG>true religion,true religion jeans,true religion outlet,cheap true religion,true religion jeans women,true religion jeans outlet,cheap true religion jeans,true religion clearance,true religion jeans wholesale,true religion outlet stores,wholesale true religion,discount true religion,true religion brand jeans,true religion wholesale,true religion outlet store,discount true religion jeans,wholesale true religion jeans,true religion outlet store online,authentic true religion jeans,true religion factory outlet,true religion outlet online</STRONG>, <STRONG>louboutin shoes,louboutin outlet,louboutin,christian louboutin,red bottom shoes,red bottoms,christian louboutin shoes,christian louboutin outlet,red bottom shoes for women,louboutins</STRONG>, <STRONG>air max</STRONG>, <STRONG>roshe run,nike roshe,roshe runs,nike roshe run,nike roshes</STRONG>, <STRONG>toms shoes,toms outlet,toms shoes outlet,toms.com,tom shoes</STRONG>, <STRONG>coach factory outlet,coach factory,coach factory outlet online,coach factory online</STRONG>, <STRONG>barbour</STRONG>, <STRONG>nike shoes,nike outlet,nike factory,nike store,nike factory outlet,nike outlet store,cheap nike shoes,nike sneakers</STRONG>, <STRONG>air force</STRONG>, <STRONG>air max</STRONG>, <STRONG>louboutin outlet,louboutin,christian louboutin,red bottom shoes,louboutin shoes,red bottoms,christian louboutin shoes,christian louboutin outlet,red bottom shoes for women,louboutins</STRONG>, <STRONG>nike huarache</STRONG>, <STRONG>ugg boots</STRONG>, <STRONG>louis vuitton</STRONG>, <STRONG>nike air max,air max,air max 2014,nike air max 2014,air max 90,airmax,air max 95,air max 2013,nike air max 90,nike air max 2013</STRONG>, <STRONG>gucci</STRONG>, <STRONG>asics,asics gel,asics running,asics running shoes,asics shoes,asics gel nimbus,asics gel kayano,asics gt</STRONG>, <STRONG>coach outlet,coach factory,coach factory outlet,coach outlet store,coach outlet store online,coach factory online,coach factory outlet online,coach outlet online</STRONG>, <STRONG>gucci outlet,gucci handbags,gucci belts,gucci shoes,gucci,gucci belt,gucci sunglasses,gucci bags,cheap gucci</STRONG>, <STRONG>karen millen</STRONG>, <STRONG>nike trainers</STRONG>, <STRONG>lacoste</STRONG>, <STRONG>jimmy choo,jimmy choo shoes,jimmy choo outlet,jimmy choo handbags</STRONG>, <STRONG>canada goose sale,canada goose outlet,canada goose,canada goose jackets,canada goose parka,canada goose coats,cheap canada goose</STRONG>, <STRONG>nike roshe</STRONG>, <STRONG>michael kors handbags,michael kors outlet,michael kors outlet online,michael kors,kors outlet,michael kors outlet online sale,michael kors handbags clearance,michael kors purses,michaelkors.com,michael kors bags,michael kors shoes,michaelkors,cheap michael kors</STRONG>, <STRONG>nike roshe run</STRONG>, <STRONG>louis vuitton,louis vuitton outlet online,louis vuitton outlet,louisvuitton.com,authentic louis vuitton,louis vuitton factory outlet,cheap louis vuitton</STRONG>
Posted @ Monday, September 22, 2014 2:59 AM by oakley sunglasses
تخزين اثاث 
Posted @ Monday, September 22, 2014 4:49 AM by nashwa ramdan
<strong>Cheap Ed Hardy Clothing</strong> 
<strong>Ed hardy shoes sale</strong> 
<strong>Ed hardy for women</strong> 
<strong>Ed hardy for men</strong> 
<strong>Ed hardy 2014</strong> 
<strong>Ed hardy online shop</strong> 
<strong>Men's Ed Hardy Hoodies</strong> 
<strong>Men's Ed Hardy Jeans</strong> 
<strong>Men's Ed Hardy Shoes</strong> 
<strong>Men's Ed Hardy Sweaters</strong> 
<strong>Men's Ed Hardy T-Shirts</strong> 
<strong>Men's Ed Hardy Underwear</strong> 
<strong>Women's Ed Hardy Boots</strong> 
<strong>Women's Ed Hardy Bottoms</strong> 
<strong>Women's Ed Hardy Coats</strong> 
<strong>Women's Ed Hardy Dresses</strong> 
<strong>Women's Ed Hardy Hoodies</strong> 
<strong>Women's Ed Hardy Jean Shorts</strong>
Posted @ Wednesday, September 24, 2014 10:53 PM by lupeng0801
Post Comment
Name
 *
Email
 *
Website (optional)
Comment
 *

Allowed tags: <a> link, <b> bold, <i> italics