When most people think "open source database," the first name that comes to mind is MySQL. This relational database management system (RDBMS) has been around for 17 years, and in that time it has become intimately associated with the open source ecosystem, notably as a component of the LAMP stack used to build solid web platforms - the Linux operating system, Apache web server, MySQL database, and PHP. But MySQL also serves as the back end for prominent projects such as WordPress and MythTV, and it's used by enterprise customers such as Facebook, Sears, and BBC News.
MySQL is really a family of products. What many people think of as classic MySQL is the free and open source Community Edition, but three commercial versions address the needs of various kinds of organizations: Standard Edition, Enterprise Edition, and Cluster Carrier Grade Edition (CGE).
A database is a complex conglomeration of software, and every organization looking to deploy a database has different specific points on which to evaluate it, but in general terms, you can evaluate a database by at least nine criteria and it just so happens that MySQL offers advantages in each of these areas:
Regardless of where the trends are pointing today, relational databases aren't going away any time soon. For in-house database management tasks, MySQL is a strong competitor and should remain so for the foreseeable future.
In an upcoming white paper we will take a more in-depth look at the advantages MySQL offers in each of the 9 evaluation criteria mentioned above.
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